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The Kingdom of the Iberians was a medieval Georgian monarchy under the Bagrationi dynasty which emerged circa 888 AD, succeeding the Principality of Iberia, in historical region of Tao-Klarjeti, or upper Iberia in north-eastern Turkey as well parts of modern southwestern Georgia, that stretched from the Iberian gates in the south and to the Lesser Caucasus in the north. Historically, the area comprised the following historical districts: West of the Arsiani Mountains were Tao, Klarjeti, Nigali, and Shavsheti, to the east lay Meskheti, Erusheti, Javakheti, Artaani, Abotsi, Kola and Basiani. The landscape is characterised by mountains and the river-systems of the Çoruh and the Kura. The region played a crucial role in the unification of all Georgian lands and principalities into Kingdom of Georgia in 1008. Wikipedia
Things To Do (8)
Tour to old capital Georgia - city Mtskheta
Mtskheta is one of the oldest cities of Georgia near Tbilisi. Mtskheta was capital of the early Georgian Kingdom of Iberia from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD. Here Georgians accepted Christianity in 317.Jvari Monastery is a Georgian Orthodox monastery of the 6th century near Mtskheta.. The great church represents the peak of architectural typology. It is a true architectural masterpiece of the early Medieval period overlooking the confluence of Aragvi and Mtkvari rivers from the top of the hill. Svetitskhoveli Cathedral was built in the 11th century, although the site itself is even older, dating back to the early 4th century.The monument has an elongated cross which appears to touch the sky. The cathedral is the second largest church building in Georgia and is listed as a UNESCO. Samtavro Monastery Complex was built in the 11th century. It contains the grave of queen Nana and Mirian III, the king of Iberia, who established Christianity as the official religion in Georgia.
Full-Day Private Tour to Old Tbilisi and Mtskheta
Mtskheta, one of the oldest cities of the country of Georgia is located approximately 20 kilometers north of Tbilisi at the confluence of the Aragvi and Mtkvari rivers. Due to its historical significance and numerous ancient monuments, Mtskheta became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. Remains of towns at this location have been dated to earlier than the year 1000 BC, and Mtskheta was capital of the early Georgian Kingdom of Iberia during the 3rd century BC – 5th century AD. It was the site of early Christian activity, and the location where Christianity was proclaimed the state religion of Georgia in 337. Svetitskhoveli Cathedral (11th century) and Jvari Monastery (6th century) in Mtskheta are amongst the most significant monuments of Georgian Christian architecture.
One-day tour in ancient Mtskheta, Gori and Uplistsikhe
In this one-day tour we will discover historical heritages of Georgia. We will visit the ancient Jvari monastery, which is located on the hilltop at the confluence of the Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers.This monastery was listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1994. Explore the old town Mtskheta, which is the former capital of the kingdom of Iberia. Walk in the streets with nice balconies and enjoy the architecture. visit the second biggest church Svetitskhoveli, which was built in the 11th century. The legend says that the Christ robe is preserved in this church. We will explore The town of Gori, which is the birthplace of famous communist leader Jozeph Stalin. You will have a chance to visit Stalin’s house, museum and train wagon with the local guide. Then we will discover a cave town, called Uplistsikhe, which is located 10 km away from Gori. Uplistsikhe means the fortress of the lord. This city is identified by the archaeologists as one of the oldest urban settlements in Georgia.
Tbilisi & Mtskheta Tour – The Ancient and Modern Capitals of Georgia!
Explore the modern and ancient capitals of Georgia! Both cities are rich in landmarks and historic sites! Walk around the old town of Tbilisi and see all the most important sights! Take a ride in the cable car! Taste some of the most famous Georgian traditional wines and fresh bread which is one of Tbilisi’s signature aromas! Visit a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the ancient capital of the Georgian Kingdom of Iberia! See the Jvari Monastery, a true architectural masterpiece of the early Medieval Period built on a hilltop. Enjoy the breathtaking views of the confluence of 2 rivers (Aragvi and Mtkvari). Visit Svetitskhoveli, the main cathedral of Mtskheta and a sacred place where the robe of Christ is being kept!
Half-Day Tbilisi - Mtskheta (Two Capitals Of Georgia) Private Guided Tour
Tbilisi is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people. Founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I of Iberia, since then Tbilisi served as the capital of various Georgian kingdoms and republics. Because of its location on the crossroads between Europe and Asia, and its proximity to the lucrative Silk Road, throughout history Tbilisi was a point of contention between various global powers. Mtskheta was the ancient capital of Kartli, the East Georgian Kingdom from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD. and was also the location where Christianity was proclaimed as the official religion of Georgia in 337. The property consists of the Jvari Monastery, the Svetitstkhoveli Cathedral and the Samtavro Monastery.
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